Infrastructure under construction: AFIR

The infrastructure for alternative fuels needs to be gradually expanded. To this end, the Council of the European Union has adopted a new regulation for a more extensive network of charging and refuelling stations. The AFIR Regulation aims to ensure a sufficiently dense infrastructure and make it easier for the transport sector to significantly reduce its carbon footprint.  

What does AFIR mean?

In April 2024, the EU’s Regulation for the Deployment of Alternative Fuels Infrastructure (AFIR) will come into force. It will significantly expand the network of alternative fuel infrastructure across Europe in the coming years. The regulation will accelerate the development of a network of charging and hydrogen refuelling stations to be accelerated and will certainly accelerate the pace of change.  

“We are convinced that in the near future citizens will be able to charge electric cars as easily as they refuel internal combustion cars today,”

Raquel Sanchez Jimenez, Spanish Minister of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda.

So what are the main infrastructure regulations introduced by AFIR? The new legislation states that there will be many more public charging points on city streets and along motorways in Europe. By 2025, there should be charging points every 60 km along the EU’s main transport corridors (i.e. the so-called TEN-T core network).  

Another key obligation under the Regulation is the need to increase the total power of publicly available charging points per registered electric car. 
The new rules require 1.3 kW for pure electric vehicles (BEVs) and 0.8 kW for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).  

In addition, charging stations must have a capacity of at least 400 kW by 2025 and 600 kW from 2027. Other provisions of the regulation include the requirement to equip all charging stations with payment terminals and to ensure full price transparency.  

As for hydrogen refuelling stations, they must be distributed every 200 km by the end of 2030, including along the core TEN-T network. In addition, there must be one publicly accessible hydrogen refuelling station at each urban node. The refuelling stations will be designed to have a total capacity of at least 1 tonne of hydrogen per day at a pressure of 700 bar.  

The specific guidelines and capacities set out in the regulations aim to support the growth of electric mobility and thus the decarbonisation of the transport sector. The AFIR Regulation on alternative fuel infrastructure is part of the Fit for 55 package. Fit for 55), which aims to align EU legislation with the new target of reducing the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 and achieving climate neutrality by 2050.  

When will the legislation come into force? The Regulation was published in the EU’s Official Journal in September. The legislation will enter into force six months after the 20th day following the publication, i.e. in April 2024. The AFIR will apply directly in each Member State without the need for transposition.

See also

New Battery Regulation

The process of regulating battery use is still underway. The new regulations will soon come into force - find out what they are!

January 15 2024

Charging power of electric vehicles

The charging power of electric vehicles, including cars and buses, can vary and depend on factors such as the type of charger used to replenish energy in the batteries, the technical capabilities of the vehicle, and the type of batteries installed.

August 17 2023

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